Fight for Social Recognition: Axel Honneth and Critical Teoria. Summary: The text to follow approaches a reading of the presentation made for Landmarks Noble of the book of Axel Honneth. Fight for recognition: the moral grammar of the social conflicts. Introduction In this Noble reading points the intellectuals reference with respect to the construction of the Critical Theory. It initiates the text approaching that in 1924, Max Horkheimer, Felix Weil and Friedrich Pollock they had established to the University of Frankfurt (Main) the Institute of Social Research. One of the Horkheimer intellectuals considered an ambitious program of research to interdisciplinar that it had as reference the marxism and the workmanship of Marx, inaugurating, thus, ' ' Crtica' theory; '.
The School of Frankfurt is an intervention form politician-intellectual (not partisan) in the public debate and academic German. The Critical Theory is not limited to describe the functioning of the society, but yes to understand it the light of an emancipation at the same time possible and blocked by the logic of the social organization effective. Thus, the orientation for the emancipation ahead demands a position of a critical behavior of this social reality that if it intends to apprehend and to know. Honneth is enclosed in the tradition of the Critical Theory, therefore of the one new route to the Critical Theory, where its concepts are anchored in the process of construction of the identity (personal and collective), and that the process of ' passes to have as its grammar; ' luta' ' for the construction of the identity, understood as one ' ' fight for reconhecimento' '. To understand a little of Honneth, we must have as starting point for Habermas reflection, in Dialectic of the Clarification, whose main objective of inquiry the reason human being and the social forms of rationality, concluding of this inquiry that the instrumental reason consisted of the estruturante form and the only one of the social rationality in the managed capitalism.