Current requirements for energy conservation and require a good quality thermal insulation of external walling. Good insulation can reduce costs of thermal energy for heating. This is especially important for large houses, the area 100 – 300 square meters. Heat loss from homes consist of losses in heating ventilating air and heat loss through walls, ceiling and floor. The following are rules for different thicknesses of the walls building materials to ensure proper insulation in the Moscow region. Full-bodied red brick – 2,5 m hollow bricks – 1,35 m silicate brick – 2,7 m porous clay bricks – 0,55 m Aerated Concrete – 0,5-0,6 m Claydite – 0,7-1,6 m Polystyrene – 0,16-0,32 m tree – 0,45 m.
It is obvious that any wall, even wood, it is desirable to further insulate the building insulation – mineral wool or polystyrene foam from the outside. The exception is penopolistirolbeton, but live in a house of this construction material is not very pleasant and eco-friendly. Wall insulation is desirable to make the outside, this is the so-called ventilated facade. Ventilated facade – it is heater layer about 7 inches thick and the outer cladding. As the use of mineral wool insulation, Styrofoam. Often built brick houses of brick. However, if you look at the above rules, it is obvious that the wall, even from the brick is too thick, to provide standards for insulation.
It should be noted that a thick brick wall after being frozen at home would be difficult to heat. Therefore, the brick house is better to heat regularly. Optimal solution for a brick house – is the wall of brick, and insulate the outside with 70-100 mm layer of mineral wool or polystyrene foam. Outdoor finishing layer of insulation by facing bricks, ceramic tiles, is the "wet facade. Wooden house should also be warm, because the thickness of the logs 45 cm can hardly provide. Logs from logs are usually much smaller – 18-24 cm in diameter. Perfect solution – a house made of glued timber outside layer of mineral wool or polystyrene foam and outer lining brick. For external insulation tile an array of wall will be heated by internal heat, so the wall will serve as accumulator, and will smooth out fluctuations in temperature. Warming of the frame house. Inside the frame wall is a layer insulation thickness of 100-150 mm. Frame walls well insulated. However, the frame walls have virtually no heat capacity. This home quickly cools in the winter when heating off. However, you can heat it for 30 minutes. Warming of horizontal surfaces. Horizontal surfaces requiring insulation – it's floors, ceilings, horizontal roof. In the horizontal insulation of roofs with bitumen roof using concrete block, poured concrete coupler. When insulation of ceilings and floors using mineral wool, in the case of wooden structures. Sometimes there is a need for insulation of sloping surfaces. For this it is convenient to use Styrofoam, however, possible to use plates of mineral wool. Well-insulated house will spend less energy on heating. Your home will be cozy and warm and comfortable.