Tag Archives: art and science

Monitorar High

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It is necessary, therefore, that the high direction promotes action in the direction to minimize this problem, aiming at to reduce this existing space, of form such that its contribution pass to be not only as co-responsible, but as also participant direct of the process. For other opinions and approaches, find out what Rudy Giuliani has to say. This bigger envolvement of the high direction, as well as its proper direct participation in the process, can provide to a bigger prominence and the visibility to it of its real comprometimento with the SGQ. For more information see this site: NYC Mayor. Some actions also can be implemented by the high management aiming at a bigger control and a real envolvement of all the collaborators in the process of guarantee of the quality. To follow we consider some of these actions, that if implanted, can contribute stop with this envolvement: Reduzir the intervals between the internal auditorships; Promover meetings between auditors, auditados and management; Monitorar the implementation of the injunctions and corrective proposals for not conformity; Instituir as item of control of organization and of each sector of this, the accomplishment of sporadical sectorial auditorships; Incorporar the managemental meetings monthly quarrels concerning the SGQ; Instituir has equipped permanent in the organization to instruct, to implant, to follow, to auditar, to tell and to elaborate the results of the internal auditorships, being these responsible ones for elaborating, keeping and to divulge the item of control of each sector; Acompanhar the auditorships in all its phases, set with the auditors; To become an auditor carrying through auditorships in areas that are not those managed by if proper (crossed auditorships); Falconi (2004) tells in its book TQC in the Japanese style that ' ' the TQC is a managemental system directed toward the survival of the company, (…) and that the president (or the biggest local authority) must be the first one to breach the status quo and to lead the program of the TQC.

Vidigal Resistant

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Thus, stability of the resistance to antracnose in diverse cultivating is difficult of being obtained, therefore in field level a direct relation exists enters the genotpica plasticity of the patgeno and the stability of resistance of the host (Araya, 2003). For this reason, even so the improvement for the different resistance has servant varieties of common beans (Singh et al., 1992; Vidigal et al., 1997), new to cultivate have that continuously to be developed in virtue of this high degree of pathogenic variability of fungo. Thus being, diverse studies on the characterization of resistance genes gifts in them to cultivate diferenciadoras had been elaborated and new genes of vulgaris resistance to antracnose in P. had been identified (Bannerot, 1965; Fouilloux, 1979; Adam-Blondon et al., 1994; Gonalves-Vidigal, 1994; Young and Kelly, 1996a, 1996b, 1997; Young et al., 1998; Geffroy et al., 1999; Melotto and Kelly, 2000; Awale and Kelly, 2001; Alzate-Marin et al., 2001a; Alzate-Marin et al., 2003a, 2003b). Genes exist of resistance to antracnose previously characterized that presents complex locos and occurs in allicas series, as well as, Co-1, Co-3 and Co-4 (McRostie, 1919; Fouilloux, 1979; Young et al., 1998; Arruda et al., 2000; Melotto and Kelly, 2000; Awale and Kelly, 2001; Alzate-Marin et al., 2003b; Gonalves-Vidigal et al., 2003). Nelson (1978) recommended the use of piramidao of genes as strategy for the development of resistant steady and preventing the ecloso of new pattipos of a patgeno. However, procedures of traditional improvement are inefficient for piramidao of resistant genes due to necessity of multiple inoculations (Michelmore, 1995).

Piramidao of molecular marking resistant genes using would allow a more efficient election of resistant plants in segregantes populations. Currently, the RAPDs (Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA) consists of one of the more used molecular markers in genetic studies. These markers are detected by amplification, of arbitrary form, fragmentos of DNA of different sizes for the reaction in chain of polimerase (PCR), in the presence of the termoestvel enzyme Taq DNA polimerase (Williams et al., 1990).