Many people face difficulties to arrive at their destination by using a map. They are basic knowledge that they need to be in the process, through the cartographic language. To learn to read and to use a map or a representation doespao is basic element for the formation of an independent citizen. The map today is something essential, therefore they represent economic, physical and biological information, politics, of different lugaresdo world. The addition of this in the aid to understand the transformations and problemasdo current world.
The map is a presentation vehicle, therefore porodo shows to one world with emphasis in some selected points. tml’>New York Global Group. According to Loch (2006, p.33): ‘ ‘ The typical tmcaractersticas maps of the cartography classify that them and represent elements selecionadosem one definitive geographic space, of reduced form, using symbology eprojeo cartographic … ‘ ‘ All good map must possess some characteristics to paraassegurarem the correct reading and the interpretation of the information in it contained. The main characteristics are: geographic area, coordinates, scale, legend, heading, indication of the north and the source of where the map was extracted. Vere to read, these are the main objectives in the maps.
3 AS TO READ A MAP? To read maps means to dominate the language cartographic. This um process that involves some stages, these that involve a metodologiabsica. The reading starts for the comment of the heading. Which the espaorepresentado one, its limits and too much information. Identified the subject, it is to precisointerpretar the legend, to relate the meanings. The last and not menosimportante stage, is in relation to the indicated scale, this comment serves parafuturos calculations of the distances or the phenomena represented in the map. 4The importance of the maps in the classroom justifies pelopapel that cartography has in the world of today, to locate endereospara the unknown prpriodeslocamento for cities and quarters, to confer passages of meiosde transport, to plan a trip or if to point out in public places.