The basic material needed to manufacture carpeting, is fiber. Fibers can be natural or artificial origin. Fibers of natural origin, in turn, divided into vegetable and animal materials. Among the natural plant materials for the manufacture of carpets are used, such as linen, cotton, jute, sisal, coir, and others. Materials of animal origin – is silk and wool. Artificial materials can be based on vegetable (viscose, rubber) or mineral (glass fiber, metal fiber) material, as well as synthetic. Today, thanks to its qualities, including reasonable cost, durability and special technical properties, an increasing proportion of the market gaining synthetic materials polypropylene (PP); polyamide (PA) or nylon polyacryl (RRA); polyester or, as it often called, poliester (PES).
Currently, the most widely used for the production of polyamide and polypropylene carpet fibers and wool. Cotton, polyacryl, polyester and viscose are used in much smaller amounts. Of course, each of the materials used for the manufacture of carpet pile, has its advantages and disadvantages. The choice of a particular species depends on where this will be used carpet. Polyamide fiber (nylon), polyamide fiber or Nylon (invented by DuPont in 1938) is the most expensive synthetic material, but the most common. This is explained by its properties, which are laid during the production process at the molecular level: elasticity, abrasion resistance, antistatic (from branded fibers) and high fire rates. Well painted, which allows create a wide color gamut. The most well-known manufacturers branded polyamide fibers: basf, DuPont (produces nylon 6.6 fiber Antron , anthrone), Solutia.