Icelandic Language

The most widespread language was in western Norway, as He was based in the western dialect group. In "landsmole" contained significantly more native Norwegian words and phrases than in the "riksmole. There are also differences in the phonetics of the two varieties of language, but with that in both languages viewed the overall speech system. The Icelandic language has the status of official language in Iceland. This language is more richly represented by the ancient monuments of literature than the other Scandinavian languages group. He is a classical version of the literary language of the Middle Ages in Scandinavia.

That is why a Norse or ancient language of northern understand Old Norse language. Dialects Icelandic language do not have strong differences between them. This is explained by the fact that during the occupation of the island and the formation of dialects to confuse dialects (late September to early 10 th century). Then place the establishment of General Chamber or the Althing, and in 930, there was a rapid spread of literacy among the general population of Iceland. Thus, the discrepancy between the dialects prevalent in western Norway and the Icelandic intensified in the late medieval period. However, in a greater degree it was due to the remoteness of the Norwegian language from its old type. Novo-Icelandic retained the old system of declension, conjugation of words and and syntax of the language bears the archaic features. Vocabulary neo-Icelandic language involves a lot of tumors, which are based elements of the old and the old words.

Also in language there are borrowings from Danish. Along with this we have the foreign terms used in policy and technology. Written version of the neo-Icelandic language rather not much different from the Old Norse language. Fereysky language was spread on Fereyskih Islands. At fereyskom spoken fairly small number of people, approximately 25000. It is divided into several dialects. There are several ancient monuments of literature and Written fereyskogo language, but official its formation belongs to the 19 th century. Persecution and harassment of fishermen's households by the Danish capitalists, led to that rejection of the Danish language increased. Basis application fereyskogo language in literature are collections of ancient folk songs. Already by 1895 formed spelling language and literary form of language develops more and more. Fereysky language to date, kept in a multitude of archaic features, and much of it happened in the grammar. If we consider all the languages of the Scandinavian group, in some areas, they differ from each other, and in some they have certain similarities, so they are merged into one group.

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